Competitors in the sport of sailing are governed by a body of rules that they are expected to follow and enforce A fundamental principle of sportsmanship is that when competitors break a rule they will promptly take a penalty, which may be to retire.
Racing Rules and Protests - A New Plan for NYC 2019
Protest Committee Schedule and Sign-Up - Access Code is 'NYC'
Appendix M - Guidelines for Protest Committees
US Sailing Protest Form
Alternative Penalty Acknowledgement Form